Cite this: eDIL s.v. fonaidm or

Forms: fosnaidm

n n, n. (vn. of fo-naisc) rare in Text of Laws, but frequent in Comm., often as gloss on NAIDM from which it does not seem to differ in meaning. Thurneysen ( Bürgsch. p. 83 ) suggests that (despite the difference in prep.) it is an imitation of Lat. ob-ligatio. Somet. written fosnaidm (cf. snaidm), see below.

I Binding (in lit. sense): f.¤ nath náir (a feat of Cú Chulainn's) LU 9292 (corresp. to: co fornadmaim 5974 ). f.¤ níad for rindib sleg 10344 .


(a) act of binding, esp. binding an obligation or a con- tract; binding one or pledging something as security, guaran- tee: atē donadmand ... nadad cōra do nadmaidm [leg. nadmaim] (.i. noco coir af.¤), Laws iv 62.8 . iar fonaidmaim do for comorba `after he has bound the heirs to it' Laws i 226.31 Comm. (of food-rent to a flaith). d'aithe a indligid air im gan tṡét airithe do fonaidm, 23 P 3 (= Laws iii 154 Comm. ). giallu frisnascar iar n-ēcaib a flatha .i. ceilsine d'f.¤ air iar n-ecaib a flatha fein .i. ragatsa cucutsa, acht cuma marb mu flaith fein; ┐ ma marb do flaithsi, tarr uait cucum-sa, Laws v 218.31 . is cert n-athar ... damsa f.¤ ṅgiall Temrach it is mine by right of father ... to bind (exact) the pledges of T. (i.e. to get submission from T.) BDD 15 . Here probably: f.¤ ruirech to bind (= exact pledges i.e. submission from) sub-kings Triads 202 (expld. : fornaidm r. .i. ríogha eile congbhail faoi, p. 41 ). conadh ar daighain dithle an athar dogneter f.¤ a coibche dí that it is for the sake of defrauding her father the covenant of her nuptial present is made with her' Laws iv 60.24 Comm. f.¤ na boruma imposing RC xvii 13.29 (Tig.) = foṡnaidhm na boramha FM i 114.6 .

Cf. fuair M. fri foṡnaidm ... sogairm sóer sléibe sen-M. `acquired by covenant' Met. Dinds. iii 240 .

(b) pledge, bond, guarantee: (sometimes probably guaran- tor, cf. naidmrath): gaeth cach co fonadmaim fonascar fri comus n-ae ar is cro timorgnae cach aighnedha a arach fri comus n-aei ZCP xii 364.6 . inti dani in f.¤ , Laws v 376.10 Comm. (see fuller cit. s.v. fonasc, below). fer fir fonaidm .i. na trebaire, O'C. 1756 ( 23 Q 6, 34b ) = fonai[d]m .i. trebairi cen folad, O'C. 511 ( H 3.18, 259 . isolated glosses). cin naidm a taisic .i. gan f.¤ (.i. trebuiri) a taisic, Laws v 282.14 Comm , atait secht n-aithne .. na dlegat a taisic cia ro- briathar .i. is slan gach aithne ... dia mbe fonaidhm 190.21 Comm . mad oin d'fer fine, cin f.¤, ┐ foiche De dia tarrachtain is slan; dia mbe f.¤ is leth-aithgin 278.13 Comm . masai in cetrathaighes ... is e dlegar d'íc ar tus, uair i[s] senfola ro fear i llo fonadhma, O'D. 2355 ( Rawl. 506, 41 ).

III Some of the following instances in Laws Comm. seem to contain a transferred meaning; those from the published Laws are rendered (a) ` attendance ' or (b) ` condi- ment ', but Atk., Gloss. s.v., thinks the meaning is ` security ' in all cases: on trath co raili a turtugud (.i. or trath co celi a ḟaesam .i. a lain-biathad co f.¤ tucad do sund ┐ a lan-faesam do ḟacaib ar a scath) `his full feeding and attend- ance' Laws v 86.28 . tuirt[ug]ud tresi (.i. tressi a lanḟaesam bid ┐ fonadma) `three days are his full protection in food and attendance' 30.23 . see also Laws v 58.20 Comm. leth foesum fagbuit na graidh feine ┐ in t-aire desa cin f.¤ ┐ ma ta f.¤ is lanfoesum `half protection is relinquished [afforded ?] by the F. grades and the `aire désa,' without condiment, and if there is condiment it is full protection (that is relinquished [afforded ?], see FÁESAM])' ii 36.15 . cf. masa lain biathadh cu fodnaidm is lanfoesum fagabhur ar a sgath. masa lain- biathadh cin fosnaidm, no lethbiathudh cu foṡnaidm no taircsin lainbiathad co fosnaidm, is lethfoesum fagabhur ar a sgath 28.22 . in fir rosfagunn cutruma na rainne bius do foesum ar sgath a bidh, is a cutruma uile ar sgath fodnadhma `for the sake of condiment' 20.17 . in inbaid is dar an fis faosma in ecmais ro gabad an athgabail .i. lubra ┐ bidh ┐ fonadma, O'C. 2657 (< Eg. 88, 56 ) = Laws ii 38.3 Comm.