foídid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foídid or dil.ie/22840

Forms: foid, foidiu, foides, foedes, faides, foídit, foíte, foíd, -fuide, foídis, foidis, foidsi, foitsi, foítis[s]i, foídi, rofaidi, fuiter, foítir, foiter, foíditir, faiditir, foíté, nomfaíte, rofoíded, foíte, faoite, foite, foítea, -roitea, rofaíte, -iud, foíd-, faíd-, faed-, fóed-, fuíd-, foí, foí, fáise, foi, rofaíd, diarfóed, rofaed, fúid, rofoídestar, fáitte, fáitti, faete, fosroiti, fuithe, foíte, faítti, -e, fáitte, foíté

v ī Early forms: ipv. 2 s. foid LU 9578 . pres. 1 s. not foidiu TBC² 3012 (= ar-dot-faedim TBC 4767 ). 3 s. rel. foides SR 1017 . foedes (v.l. faides) Hy i 33 . 3 pl. foídit Sg 181a2 . rel. foíte 117a5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no foíd Wb 23d1 . 3 s. -fuide, Laws ii 26.14 . pret. 3 s. foídis, Mon. Tall. § 85 . foidis SR 1917 . 2565 . (with pron. suff.:) foidsi, foitsi, Arm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.14 ). (with fem. emph. pron.?) foítis[s]i ... úadi LU 6147 . perf. 3 s. rod foídi Wb 7d2 . rofaidi SR 2600. 3166 . Pass. ipv. fuiter RC iii 344.18 . pres. s. foítir Wb 25a8 . foiter (rel.) 17a11 . pl. foíditir LU 2197 . faiditir 3457 . imperf. s. no foíté LU 6054 . past subj. s. nomfaíte LU 5960 (-foite TBC² 1493 ). pret. and perf. s. rofoíded Wb 23a7 . pl. foíte LU 4482 (hence perhaps: faoite teachta .i. do cuireadh t., O'Cl.). Cf. foite dias 1772 , where it may be s. ro foítea Wb 27c35 . -roitea 5a3 . rofaíte (rel.) LU 2501 .

Vn. foít, later foíded (-iud), q.v.

In Mid. Ir. as well as foíd- (faíd-, faed-, fóed- fuíd-) a stem foí occurs: ipv. 2 s. foí PH 1569 . Cf. fáise, Ériu viii 22 § 25 . perf. 3 s. rus foi (: -naí) LB 274b2 (= CCellaig 430 ). Usually rofaíd: SR 2177 . diarfóed 1805 . rofaed 7071 . 7229 . ro fúid PH 4554 . rofoídestar 2601 . For the pret. or hist. pres. 3 s. fáitte TBC 2422 (= foídis LU 6268 ). TBC 3017 (= do- bretha TBC² 2212 ). TBC 6074 . fáitti 2400 (= faoidis St). faete, Auraic. 280 , cf. Strachan, ZCP ii 485 - 6 , Ériu xiv 34.75 . Cf. fosroiti LL 283b4 (has sent him?). fuithe ZCP xiii 174.23 may be for foíte, pass. pret. s.

The form faítti, -e in: fáitte fessa ┐ tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib CRR 7 (bis) seems meant for ipv. pass. Can it be verb. necess. understood as such? Possibly an imita- tion of LU 4482 by one who misunderstood the old form of pret. pass.

Sends (a pers. or thing): transl. Lat. mittere Wb 23a7 . 23d1 . Ml 34c9 . faoidh no do fhaoidh .i. do chuir, O'Cl. du foid Pátricc in carpat cu Sechnall ... foidsi S. ... cu Manchán, Arm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). ro fuid-side indi Pala- dius ... do praicept do Goídelaibh, Trip. 30.12 (289) . mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh techta, Laws ii 26.14 . foidis Noe in colum ... | uad for in linnmuir SR 2565 . faidhis M. ... techta ... don cathraig, Marco P. 24 . rofaidhe uadha ina cona sin for lurg ina n-óg, Anecd. ii 60z . roḟáidh a marcslógh uadh do crechadh in tíre, CCath. 176 . roḟaoídh tra an Iustis on ccampa ... cuidechta do chaptinibh ... do dhenamh creach FM v 1586.1 . Abs.: ma thechtai-siu nech is miscais latt, foíd co hIerusalem, ┐ ... ticfa chucat iarna sróigled PH 6665 . otchondairc Edilfrid rofoi cuccu, Anecd. iii 72 (= in hos arma verti iubet Bede Hist. Eccles. ii 2 ). faidfet-sa anoir co Cruachān, Fen. 402.12 . Impers. pass. no foíté co cach láth ngaile messages were sent LU 6054 (= no faidti cach l. TBC² 1582 ). Cf. is aire fosroiti i tossaig he was sent (i.e. died) first LL 283b4 = is air do fucadh, Lism.L. p. lx . Of sending a petition, command, etc., the message may be expressed by a verbal clause, or, in an apparently ellip- tical constr, by a noun: fuiter uaid cusin mB. ... co tu[d]- chuid RC iii 344.19 . fuiter cusin D. tuidecht do accallaim a maicc 345.1 . With extension of meaning: gébas Ailech acht dréch ros-foid | ni fitir nech coich nā cia save Him that hath sent them none knoweth who shall possess A. LL 182a21 ( Arch. Hib. ii 50 ). Ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm sends away (i.e. lends?) Laws v 278.6 . nosfoidend fein (the voice) emits itself Auraic. 382 .

f.¤ a spirut (dochum nime) gives up the ghost, dies: rofoidh tra H. a spirut LL 406b3 = TTr.² 1196 . foídis a spirut iar sin dochum nime LB 151b52 . ro ḟaoidh a spiorad docum nimhi i nDuibhreccles C., FM iii 8y . comhainm an laoí in ro ḟaoídh Muire a spiorat `on the anniversary of the day on which M. yielded her spirit' vi 2126.5 . tug a osnad mór os aird co rofhaoidh a spiorad dochum nimhe, Buile S. § 86 . ro fhill [Ísu] a chend iar sin, ┐ ro fhoíd a spirut PH 2900 .

Gramm.: ni in `gi' foídit a sechmadachte (e.g. negligo neglexi) Sg 181a2 . Cf. bá in `-is' ba téchte tobarthid do thecht a nominibus foíte genitin in `-rum' that make the genitive in -rum Sg 117a5 . In the latter instance the meaning seems to be throws off, develops .

Occas. used in wider senses of fo-ceird: faítsetar ... étgud Ailella ... immon corthe put TBC 4440 = do cuiretar St. don tenid in ro faíte na tri meic oc Nabcodon LU 2501 ( RC xxv 234 ). faidhit dín claraigh uasa mbarcuibh they set a covering of planks over their barques Marco P. 145 . foidisium oc slechtanaib for carraic betook himself to RC x 80.14 . fuidis ... Guaire essomuin friu, Arch. iii 3.8 (cf. fearus E. esemain fris ZCP v 523 ).