fo-gaib, fo-geib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-gaib, fo-geib or dil.ie/22696

Forms: fagebtis, -fuar, fonduair, fagb-, fag-, ghe- ibhther, gheibh, faghaim, faghaibh, fag, fagh, gheibhim, -fagbaim, -fágbaim, -fagaim, -faghaim, gheibhir, -faghair, -fogbái, fogaib, fogeib, dogeib, dogheibh, -fogaib, -fagaib, -faghann, fogabum, dogabmait, dogheibhmíd, -faghmaoid, fogabat, bagh- abhat, dogabat, dogebid, do-geibhit, do-gheibhid, -fagbat, -faghait, -faghaid, gheibhinn, -fuighinn, do- gheibheadh, -facchbad, dogheibhmis, fogeibtis, do- gheibhdis, -faghbadais, -faghdais, fogabur, fogabar, -fagbur, -fagar, fogaba, bhagaba, -fagba, -faghbha, -fagha, -fagbat, -fogbat, -fagbat, fogabaind, -fagbaind, -aghbhoinn, -faghthá, fogabad, -fagbad, -faghbhadh, -fagh- adh, -fagbaimis, -agbai- tis, fogéb, dogébh, doghiab, -fugéb, baigiub, fogebai, fogéba, dageba, ghébha, do-ghéabhair, doghiabha, doghia- bhair, -faigeba, -fuigbe, -foigbe, -i, fuidbe, faigbe, -fuigir, bhfuighir, -fuighbhir, fogéba, doghébha, do-ghéabha, do-ghéabhaidh, -foighe, -fuighe, -fuighbhe, ghébham, -foigheam, -foighbheam, fogéb- thaidh, fogebthai, do-ghéabhthaoi, -fuighthi, fogebat, -faigbet, -fuigbet, -faigbind, -fuiginn, -fogebtha, -ḟuigbithea, -eá, fogebad, fogebed, fogébed, dogebad, do-ghéabhadh, -fuighbheadh, -fugebmaís, -fagbaimis, -faigbimis, -foigebtais, -fugebtaís, núarsa, fuar, uair, fofuáir, fofuair, foruair, fuair, uair, fuair, -fuaramar, -ḟúaram, -fuara- bhair, fofúaratár, úaratar, fuaradar, -fuaradar, foḟuarus, fuarus, fuaras, fuarus, -fuaras, -ḟuaross, fofuarais, fuarais, -fuarais, fuairsem, -fuairsed, fogaibset, fogabar, do- geibhthear, -fogabar, -fogbaither, -agabar, -aghaibhthir, -faghthar, -faghthair, -fogh- thor, -oghthair, -faghuir, foghair, -aghair, -fogbaiter, faghar, aghar, do-geibhthi, -fogbaithe, -fagtai, -fagthar, -foghar, -aghar, -oghair, -faghthair, fogebthar, fugebthar, do-ghéabhthar, -fuigebthar, -fuighthear, -faigbistar, fuigbestar, -foigfide, fríth, fofrith, foríth, forríth, forrith, frith, -fríth, frith, fríoth, frith, frith, rofrithe, fofrítha, -fritha

v The only instances in the O.Ir. Glosses are: sec. fut. pl. 3 (with inf.) fagebtis Wb 8a14 . pret. s. 1 -fuar Ml 57d3 . 3 (with inf.) fonduair Sg 144b3 . In the later lang. fo in the deut. forms is gradually replaced by do; in prot. forms fagb- is fre- quently reduced to fag-, forms without initial f- are not uncommon and are recognized by the mediaeval gram- marians. See IGT, Verbs § 22 .

Early Mod. instances of omission of preverb are: mar ghe- ibhther , Parrth. Anma 40.18 . gheibh, Corp. Astron. 86 .

Forms occurring after the period of the Glosses: ipv. 1 s. faghaim TD 22a20 . 2 faghaibh, Dán Dé xii 27 . fag ZCP vi 88.8 . fagh, Luc. Fid. 276.4 . ind. pres. 1 s. do gheibhim , Luc. Fid. 71.18 . -fagbaim, CCath. 4286 . -fágbaim PH. 2696 -fagaim LL 175a26 . -faghaim TD 22a10 . Luc. Fid. 326.9 . 2 do gheibhir , Luc. Fid. 325.9 . -faghair 325y . -fogbái (torbai), Thes. ii 296.6 . 3 fogaib, Laws iv 194.20 ( SM Facs, 16a ), etc. fogeib LU 2126 , 2138 . Mon. Tall. 72 . PH 7080 . dogeib PH 7814 . Maund. 149 . dogheibh, O'Hussey T.C. 44 . TD 29.5 . TSh. 790 . 3605 . -fogaib LU 8632 . -fagaib PH 7992 . Ériu iv 214 § 12 . -faghann, Maund. 263 . TD 16. 1 . 22a4 . O'Hussey, T.C. 122 . TSh. 1212 . 3645 . 1 pl. fogabum. PH 6120 . dogabmait 2887 . dogheibhmíd, O'Hussey T.C. 111 . TSh. 48 . -faghmaoid, O'Hussey T.C. 111 . 3 fogabat LU 1852 (H = foga-baid YBL 6a32 ). LU 4732 . bagh- abhat BB 322b7 . dogabat PH 3573 . dogebid, Maund. 263 . do-geibhit, Fl. Earls 52.5 . do-gheibhid, TSh. 511 . 3612 . -fagbat LU 2229 . -faghait, Fl. Earls. 88.20 . -faghaid TD 16.8 . TSh. 323 . imperf. 1 s. do gheibhinn TD 14.17 . -fuighinn (-faghuinn v.l.) TD 15.12 . 3 do- gheibheadh, TSh. 640 . -facchbad, CCath. 3993 v.l. pl. 1 dogheibhmis TD 14.17 v.l. 3 fogeibtis SR 4632 . do- gheibhdis, Keat. ii 234 . -faghbadais, CCath. 2153 . -faghdais 2520 . subj. pres. 1 s. fogabur PH 617 . fogabar 403 . -fagbur, CCath. 3341 . Ann. Conn. 1244 § 5 . -fagar TBC 4448 St. -fagur, Celtica xiii 19.203 . 3 fogaba (= inveniat p. 430 ) PH 5011 . bhagaba, TTebe 4543 . -fagba SR 2551 . LU 2609 . -faghbha (-fogba v.l.), CCath. 1695 . -fagha, Maund. 263 . O'Hussey T.C. 70 . TD 16. 24 . (fuighe v.l.); 24.1 . pl. 3 -fagbat PH 4193 , -fogbat -fagbat, CCath. 1696 v.l. (-faghbhuid text). subj. past 1 s. fogabaind, CCath. 2725 . -fagbaind TBC 1173 . -aghbhoinn TD 14.15 . 2 -faghthá TD 22a9 . 3 fogabad, CCath. 1089 . -fagbad SR 2567 . 2583 . -faghbhadh, Lism. L. 3040 . -fagh- adh, Maund. 262 . TSh. 8520 (-fuighbheadh, 7094 , sec. fut. in form). 1 pl. -fagbaimis BDD 48 Y (cf. sec. fut.). 3 -agbai- tis LL 153b13 . fut. 1 s. fogéb PH 2430 . dogébh, Im. Brain i 60.6 . doghiab CF 469 . -fugéb LL 123b25 . in baigiub , Cog. 172.9 . 2 fogebai LU 11015 . fogéba LU 208 . TBC 106 . dageba, Cog. 172.10 . do ghébha , O'Hussey, T.C. 8 . do-ghéabhair, Keat. ii 4513 . doghiabha CF 118 . doghia- bhair 323 . -faigeba LU 3912 . -fuigbe LL 328 f 30 . -foigbe (fuigbe, -i, fuidbe, faigbe, foibe v.l.), Fél. Ep. 147 . -fuigir ZCP vi 286.25 . ní bhfuighir , TSh. 3253 . -fuighbhir, Keat. ii 4501 . 3 fogéba LU 2029 . doghébha O'Hussey T.C. 46 . do-ghéabha TD 20.49 . do-ghéabhaidh, TSh. 1376 . -foighe TD 27.19 . -fuighe, O'Hussey T.C. 82 . -fuighbhe, TSh. 342 . pl. 1 do ghébham , O'Hussey, T.C. 10 ; 97 . -foigheam 14 ; 89 . TD 13.29 . -foighbheam TD 13.29 . 2 fogéb- thaidh, Anecd. iii 69.20 . fogebthai YBL 87b17 ( RC xxvi 138 ). do-ghéabhthaoi, TSh. 1950 . -fuighthi TD 9.56i 3 fogebat, CCath. 1702 v.l. (dogebhait, text). -faigbet LU 2406 . PH 4343 . -fuigbet 3640 . sec. fut. 1 s. -faigbind TBC 1728 (-fuiginn St). -fuiginn ZCP vi 286.21 . 2 -fogebtha SR 1563 = -ḟuigbithea LB 112a35 . (?) -foighthéa (leg. -eá) O'Hussey, T.C. 112 . 3 fogebad (sic leg.) SR 1131 . fogebed LU 1788 . fogébed 1817 . dogebad, Ann. Conn. 1282 § 7 do-ghéabhadh, TSh. 3603 . -fuighbheadh, TSh. 503 . pl. 1 -fugebmaís LU 6890 ( BDD 48 = -fagbaimis Y, -faigbimis D). 3 -foigebtais SR 5563 . -fugebtaís LU 2229 .

pret. and perf.

(1 ) 1 sg. fó núarsa (rel.) LU 6024 . fuar (in reply) TBC 1770 . 3 s. fo uair LL 288a9 . fofuáir SR 3091 . fofuair, Fél. Nov. 7 . foruair LL 183b5 . for fuair LB 132a12 . do uair RC xxiv 202 § 19 . fuair, O'Hussey, T.C. 7 ; 122 . TSh. 563 . 1 pl. -fuaramar ni YBL 110b33 = -ḟúaram ni LL 260b16 . 2 -fuara- bhair TD 9. 56 . 3 fofúaratár LU 10579 . fó úaratar , Trip. 2.5 . fuaradar, O'Hussey, T.C. 74 . -fuaradar, TSh. 1193 .

(2 ) 1 sg. foḟuarus LL 198b24 . fuarus ib. 28 . fuaras TD 11.14 ; 14.20 . na (= a n-) fuarus SR 1758 . -fuaras TD 14.10 . -ḟuaross TBC 3674 . 2 fofuarais SR 1751 . fuarais (rel.), TSh. 7111 . -fuarais TBC 1770 . 1 pl. fuairsem, O'Hussey, T.C. 8 . 3 -fuairsed, O'Hussey, T.C. 3z .

(3 ) 3 pl. fogaibset LU 1792 .

Pass. pres. s. fogabar LU 426 . PH 7168 . do- geibhthear TD 13.8 . TSh. 2764 . -fogabar ZCP viii 303.27 . Laws iv 194.19 ( SM Facs. 15a ); -fogbaither, ib. seems a miswriting of the pl.). -agabar Laws iii 90.1 . -aghaibhthir TD 22a55 . -faghthar, TSh. 2152 . -faghthair TD 10.10 . -fogh- thor 29.14 . -oghthair 10.3 . -faghuir 7.3 . foghair 17.8 . -aghair 28.38 . pl. -fogbaiter, Laws iv 194.22 ( SM Facs. 15a ). imperat. s. faghar TD 25.16 . aghar, Dán Dé iii 8 . imperf. s. do-geibhthi TD 14.13 . -fogbaithe LU 9055 . -fagtai, Maund. 262 . pres. subj. s. -fagthar LU 6155 (H). -fagaither TBC 4448 . -foghar TD 10.23 . -aghar 17.3 . -oghair 15.47 . -faghthair 10.13 . fut. s. fogebthar, fugebthar LU 10989 . do-ghéabhthar, TSh. 3423 . -fuigebthar ZCP xi 83 § 31 . TBC² 2779 . -fuighthear TD 9. 7 . -faigbistar LU 8445 ( FB 30 = fuigbestar, Eg) is apparently an isolated form (`a barbarous mixture of the s and the b futures' Strachan, ZCP iii 479 ). sec. fut. s. -foigfide, Cáin Ad. 8 . pret. and perf. s. fo fríth Hy v 79 . fofrith LU 10722 . Fél. Feb. 25 . Ann. Conn. 1235 § 8 . foríth LL 277b21 . forríth 150a29 . forrith FM 123 . frith LU 183 . -fríth Hy v 29 . Ann. Conn. 1235 § 8 . frith AU 1014 . Fl. Earls 88 . fríoth, O'Hussey T.C. 122 . do frith (v.l. frith) IT iii 193.15 . rofrithe, Luc. Fid. 382.9 . pl. fofrítha, Met. Dinds. iii 284.97 . -fritha, Anecd. ii 4.15 .

In general sense finds, gets , hence

(a) finds, meets with, discovers (in a place): feib fonduáir som la auctoru Sg 144b3 . fofuair ann fer SR 3091 . dia mbé nech occá sirfégad imme ... fogéba do cech leth aci agid LU 2029 . dobert a laimh dar a einech. fogeib teora boulga for a aghaidh, Corm. Y p. 59 . nech bad chalmu ... cosindiu nocon ḟuaross TBC 3674 . cia airm i faigbind in Coin Culaind? 1728 (a bfuiginn St). ní fúaram-ni ... mnai do dingbala-so cosindiu IT i 74.11 . is annsin fuarustair ... Ruadhán fora cind BNnÉ 322 § 31 . fofrith (forrith v.l.) cenn Póil ... hi féil ind ḟir ..., Fél. Feb. 25 . snechta do nā frith samail re hed cian Ann. Com. 1318 § 11 . an cétna long ... fúair Hérinn `the first ship which reached Ireland.' Ériu iv 158 § 35 . ceathracha trath ... fofrith Ere ria ndílind was discovered Leb. Gab. i 16 . do cech anmanda ... fogébad for talmain, Ériu ii 134 § 113 . a faigbed do lindib forsin bhith § 114 . is edh forfuaradar ina lebraibh RC x 186.3 . mar frithi a lebraib lindi, Met. Dinds iii 346 . do réir ṡeanrolla fríoth i nOxford, Keat. iii 2575 . a llotár dano ond insi sin fúaratár insi máir LU 1767 . fogaibset insi n-aili 1792 . iar bhfácbháil na ndithrub sin dogabar crích forlethan `you come to' Marco P. 21 . coicc primroid Erenn ..., ní fritha gusanocht, Anecd. ii 4.15 . a n-oidhce geine Cuinn forrith cóicc phríomhróid go Teamhraigh FM 123 . mar gheibhther ag Lucas ... san seisedh caibidiol, Parrth. Anma 40.18 . gur cuireadh ...i meidh an mheasruighthe, go bhfríoth ní budh lugha ioná an chóir aige was weighed in the balance and found wanting TSh. 3635 . (cf. 3181 cited below (b)). Cath ... do na frith inntsamail a battle of which no like has been found AU 1014 . bodith ... dona frith samail riam, Ann. Conn. 1321 § 5 . With vn. phrase or dependent clause as obj.: co na fuair cair nā peccad do dénum do Ísu PH 2718 . Fertán C. cia rochlaid in fagbaid nó in fetabair? can you find out? Met. Dinds. iii 8 . In later lang. DOGHEIBH AMACH = discovers: no gur fritheadh an sgribhneoireacht ... amach until writing was invented Luc. Fid. 256 . ar na daoinibh gheibh neithe nuadha amach, Corp. Astron. 86 .

(b) with adj. or other compl. of pred. finds (in a certain condition): mongenar anmain fogabar co glan dia stiurad on M. sin that is found pure PH 7168 . go fagtai na fir marbh arnamairech, Maund. 262 . nach faghair sibh seasmhach that you are not found constant Content. xxii 12 . See also col. F 50.29 above. fríoth Naoi 'na fhíréan 'na shíl-treabhaibh féin = Noe vir iustus in generationibus suis TSh. 3181 . do fríth easbhuidh- each thú, Dan. v 27 (cf. 3635 cited above (a)) ní frith sinne ... commbuidech riam we have never been equally satisfied BColm. 20.19 . dogeibhit na doirrsi foriadhta ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls. 52.5 . munab i leacaibh cloch fuairsiod scríobhth iad, Keat. i p. 146 . cionnus do-geibhthear ort an lucht tuillimh ... do bhíodh agat ? what is the disposition of thy hired servants towards thee ? TSh. 4230 (corresp. to: cionnus atáid duit ... ? 4241 ).

(c) gets, gains, obtains, procures (with Ó, A of source): int áenmacc ríg ... is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach who got and gave away most ZCP viii 111.13 . in tan na fádbait a mbiad PH 7476 . nem fuair an t-anc(h)ara ... ar a thir got heaven in exchange for Arch. iii 307 § 25 . a n-as ail duid dogeba on choimdi YBL 167a2 . fogeb trocaire treimit he obtains mercy BColm. 78.23 . is gerr co fuigir furtacht ZCP vi 286.25 . as meisi dúil as anṡádhaile ... dogheibh a betha isin domun that lives Buile S. § 70 . ionnus go ffaghdais a mbethaidh that they might get their sustenance BNnÉ 320 § 20 . no (= do] geibhdís betha gan feidm ndaonda léo acht ... got their livelihood without any human exertion save ... ib. doghebhaitt na hálaidh sin furtacht 297y . braighe gill as a ffuighbithe eich ┐ airgheadha for whose ransom horses and herds would have been got FM v 1788.26 . gach aon ... do geip mar chuiss impidhe ... gan bass fiadhnach ... d'faghail `who obtains as an act of grace ... that he shall not suffer death in public' Fl. Earls 70.27 . na hindmasa doberam-ne ... ni huain fogabum iat PH 6120 . is í comh- airle do-gheibheadh ón marbh, TSh. 640 . an teagasg rofrithe ona habsdoluibh, Luc. Fid. 382.9 . With DO of pers. (= dat. of advantage): fag-sa airm ... ┐ eideth dam ! ZCP vi 88.8 . fagh dhamh ... san sgrioptur na briathra so ! Luc. Fid. 276.4 . do-uair Niall ... rigi coidchi da cheneol RC xxiv 202 § 19 . cearc ... fhuair clú d'fhine Fhearghosa that won fame for Studies 1921, 257 .

(d) gets, induces (some one to do something) causes (something to be done) (with Ó or FOR of pers.): faghaibh gan é d'aithfear, Dán Dé xii 27 . do ráidh an rí ré cách dul ... is ní bhfuair ó neach dul ann he got no one to go Keat. iii 2591 (= ni fuair ó neoch, Cóir Anm. 125 ). fuaradar ó Phádraig an dara heaglais ... do dhéanamh i Leith Mogha they were permitted by P. to build Keat. iii 312 . ni fuigebthar foro tuidecht they will not be prevailed on to come TBC² 2779 .

(e) freq. with abstr. or semi-abstr. obj. meets with, experi- ences, undergoes: fofuarais mór do duilgi SR 1751 . cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé PH 2427 . mar do ḟuair a chalann crád, Ériu iv 112 § 5 . ar eccla co fuidedh se pían, Maund. 149 . do badh ḟearr lais co faghbhadh cath he would rather have had to fight Lism. L. 3040 . fuaratar troid thenn ... o Gheraltachaibh FM vi 2118. 3 . gach ní ... fá bhfuighinn guais which might be perilous to me Dán Dé ix 6 . gurab léir dhó ... nach fuighbbe sochar ná socamhal, TSh. 1133 . frith saothar dermhair ag tabairt an eich ... aníoss, Fl. Earls 88 . na daoine ... dogheibh togbháil suas bharbardha, O'Hussey T.C. 76w . conna fuaratar ... aidchi ṅdunaid ... bad mó dód ... dóib never spent a worse night TBC 631 . an t-ech fós, nach faghaibh sbuir do cur uirri who never feels the spur Ériu iv 214.12 . f.¤ bás dies: fogeib in rí bás, Mon. Tall. § 72 . co fúigbe bás croiche PH 2429 . mas ann do cinded damh-sa bás d'fághbhail, dogébh if it is there I am fated to die, there I shall die Im. Brain i 60.6 . is truag dham nach eg do fhuarus, Aen. 2602 . foruair macc D. a aidid LL 183b5 ( Arch. Hib. ii 63 ). co faghdis a n-oidedha ... le cláraibh ... ac rotuitim forra, CCath. 2010 . cen co fagbat ... a n-airlech isin cath though they be not slain in the battle 4275 . faghbhadh ... bas ┐ aidhedh libh let ... be slain by you RC xliii 34z .

With concrete obj. in fig. sense: la macc Rossa frith a lecht his death came about RC xxiii 308 . Cf. fríoth a n-árach `their deaths were brought about' GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 169 . fríth ilach dó ... i cath birach B., LL 184b45 ( Arch. Hib. ii 83 ).

Often folld. by vn. with poss. refl. pron. (cf. similar use of Welsh cael): nuchun ḟaigbe th'imṡnádud thou shalt not be protected Ériu i 128 . Simon ... fuair a chrochad hi Parthib iii 196 § 12 . ni fhuidhitís a sásadh they would never be satisfied RC xxiv 379w . ó nach fuair a múnadh, since it has never been instructed Dán Dé xix 8 ( YBL 393b18 ). fuair a hurgnamh ... ┐ a fobairt it had been prepared ... and annealed (of a hauberk) CCath. 5215 .

(f) gets (an opportunity of doing), is able (usually with vn. obj.; cf. c, d). conna faghbhadh bheith 'na ecmais could not do without him Lism. L. 1483 . ní ḟuair grádh ná eagla t'ḟos neither love nor fear could restrain you Content. viii 9 . ni faigebhdais scor a n-ech la feraibh Midhe, min dicuirte Mocuda they would not have been allowed to unyoke their horses BNnÉ 303 § 14 . With obj. joined to vn. by DO: dús in fagbaind mo lāma do ḟuligud ... indiu to see if I might redden my hands TBC 1173 . arna fagbatis fini F. iat do fogail so that the tribe of F. should not be able to injure them Lec. [24]a15 ( ZCP x 165 ). mar fuaradar Dál Riada Scotia do thabhairt ar Albain `when the D. R. were permitted to call [A.] Scotia' Keat. ii 5816 . ó nach fuair féin a haig- neadh do chalochlódh since he was unable to alter her inten- tion Keat. ii 3039 . For F.¤ ÁRACH, FAILL X (FOR X), see these nouns. Cf. also: ar an gcóir fríoth folmhughadh, PBocht 19 § 9 . With advb. MAITH: atbeiredh cách nár bó maith fríth an marbhadh sin that that slaying was unjustified FM v 1790.17 . maith fuarais mise do ghoin ... óir is mé do mharbh th'athair, Keat. ii 4508 . maith do-ghéabhdaois clann Ch. ... aonduine ortha d'oirdneadh TD 9.44 . bith nar uo romhaith fuair in giustiss in basugadh sin re a denomh (= though the justice had no very plausible pretext for that execution), Fl. Earls 60.5 . Cf. bíodh a dheimhin aguibh do nós choguidh na hErenn gur go maith do fuarus misi rem ghabháil `that I esteemed myself to be well off in that I was taken captive' O'Gr. Cat. 57 .

(g) With expressions of time gets = spends, lives (through): dogheibhdís na daoine ré ḟada fán am soin used to live long Keat. ii 234 . ben fuair an saoghal go sona who had spent her life happily FM v 1692.4 . In the type: Fergal fuair raithi co rath; ... nocon fuair acht oenbliadain, Rawl. 164a41 = Arch. Hib. ii 85 ( LL 185a37 ). the notion is of a period of kingship etc. and it belongs rather to (c).

(h) invents, devises: in sluag dolbtha frith ... la Fotlai BB 377a6 (= RC xv 446 ). conidh edh airecc fuairset, cuibhrighi do chur fair BNnÉ 296 § 30 . gibé freagra fuaras daoibh, Content. ix 24 .

(i) With I N- and refl. pron. `finds in oneself,' dares, pre- sumes (late): cionnas do gheibhim ionnam féin dul ... ? Luc. Fid. 71. 18 . ní fhuair duine ... ann féin aifrionn ... do rádh, Mac Aingil 113. 18 (= neque aliquis ... missas facere ... praesumebat Bede Hist. Eccles. v 14 ). go bhfuara- dar ... ionnta féin éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna, Maguires of F. § 25 .

In: nach misi rodusfuighbhe ... duib ī ZCP viii 547.2 (= ni mé adféta dúib TBC 1764 ). nach badh eisin radus fuighbhedh duibh ī ib. ZCP viii 547.15 (= dosféta TBC 1773 ), the modern redactor has replaced adféta by a form beginning with f which gives approximate sense: will find (the information) for you. The sense imparts, communicates is not supported by other examples.