1 fíal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíal or dil.ie/21924
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: féal, feliu, féliu, ḟéil, ḟial, fíala

adj o-ā Pedersen Vgl. Gr. 1 315 , Thurn. Hdb. 34 , Celtica i 367 , see an archaic spelling of this in: bad féal ... dogneid cach réit (gl. omnia honeste ... fiant) Wb. 13a29 (` faithfully ' Thes., where Stokes suggests a derivation <O.Fr. feal<*fedalis).

(a) decorous becoming , seemly (of conduct or behaviour): adv. compar. ind feliu (gl. verecundius) Ml. 58b1 . bá fial dó buith arnaib ócaib céin dogēni calma. Is féli dō ... a imḟolach, in tan teches it became him ... it is more becoming for him LU 5739 ( TBC-I¹ 1266 = ba féile do, TBC-LL¹ 1968 . féliu, 1972 ). Of persons modest; chaste: cedmuintera fialadh (= fiala) na tiagat co cele atarruch ite mna annsin conoat a fele, O'Curry 848 (< H 3.18, 385b ).

(b) Of persons, well-bred, honourable, noble (used of both sexes apparently in older sense of Engl. gentle or Ital. gentile of such traits of bearing and conduct as reveal noble nature and nurture (see féle), passing gradually into sense of generous, hospitable , the usual later and modern meaning: f.¤ .i. maith, O'Cl. cen ócdaine, cen aes ṁbaeth | acht toga fer f.¤ fírgaeth, SR 4590 . techlach f.¤ , IT i 145.5 . munter ḟ.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5830 . in f.¤ Fer dá lethe the modest man F. Fél. Dec. 4 . la féil Flaind féil impir, Dec. 15 . ger f.¤ Colaim Cille ... adeirim ... feile goma sheacht Maodhócc that M. is seven times as generous BNnÉ 279.11 . nīsfil fo grēin fairind find fēil basid fēiliu, ACL iii 297 . ruirigh Cloinne hEoghain ḟél, AFM ii 962.10 (poem). v s. m. a Oisín ḟéil , Oss. iv 10.8 . v s. f. a ingen ḟial , IT i 70.4 . pl. mairfit Ulaid a sescach dar cend a n-aenig [ = n-enech], ar it fíala Ulaid TBC-LL¹ 1758 . cuslennaig ḟéil, LL 29b45 . fēlithir dub-ēn `as generous as a crow' O'Mulc. 310 . cia as ḟéliu i nHerinn ? `most hospitable' ZCP iii 4 § 8 . cūicer is féile frīth riam | budh ḟerr um brat is um biad, Acall. 2561 . Of things: o Abēl, fīrīal a dath, ZCP iii 18.23 < Rawl. 68b52 (leg. fírḟíal ?). cét tinne ro ḟíala a hundred generous flitches LL 300b23 ( SG 371 ). coibsen fiala `sincere (frank) confessions' Ériu ii 55 § 5 . robsat fiala fairsinge a foirghneamha ` hospitable ' MR 102z . brugh fa f.¤ fá bhiadhaibh 's fá mhaoinibh, Keat. Poems 861 .

Compds.: with subst.: ¤ainech modest-faced (?), of generous bearing (?): abair fris ba f. ( ¤enech v.l.) ZCP xi 96 § 55 (as pred. = honourable and generous ?). ¤goit: Adharcán corn bói ac Diarmait | dobeirthea a fialghoit do mhnáibh, Acall. 136 (`generous drop ?' <Lat. gutta, Stokes; = fíalghait noble plunder i.e. wine ?). ¤garta noble generosity: Mugain ... rochren f. cen faill, LU 1277 = LL 145b21 . ¤maisse: issi ar fialmasse iar fír | bith i fíadnaisse inn ardríg, LL 376a51 . ¤slat a noble scion: ag fíalṡlait ḟóid Eithne, IGT, Decl. ex. 1124 . With adj., gen. forming dwandwa-compds.: ¤chas generous, curly-haired (?) one: la Flann lasin f. ḟenech, ZCP x 344 § 20 . ¤chorcra modest-blushing: a A., a ḟ., Acall. 6415 . ¤dána generously bold (?): Fiacha f., TBC-I¹ 2107 . TBC-LL¹ 2823 . ¤garg generous and stern: slóg ... na mac mór fialgharg, Acall. 1996 . ¤nár modestly-generous: ba f. fria hathchuingid hé, Acall. 2012 (`delicately generous' SG ii 152 ). ¤náirech id., ib. (v.l.). superl. fer ba fialnáirige roboí a nEirinn, Acall. 7965 . With adj. formed from subst.: ¤buidnech `of generous bands ': Inber fialbuidneach Fele, Leb. Gab.(i) i 272.21 . ¤chrechach: flaith[ius] Fiachach fialchrechaig, LL 127b47 (`the generous raider' MacCarthy 165 ).

Cf. 3 fíal.