feidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidm or dil.ie/21472

Forms: ḟedma, fedmuim, fedman, fedmand, fedma, fedmand, feidhm, feadhma, fedhmanna, ḟedhma, fedmanda

n n, n. later m. n s. féidm n -úag SR 6837 . g s. ind ḟedma TBC 2967 . d s. fedmuim, Laws v 488.35 Comm. n p. fedman AU 821 . fedmand LU 10816 (M). a p. fedma LL 216a31 . g p. fedmand LL 146a5 . feidhm, m. g s. n p. feadhma IGT, Decl. § 41 . pl. also fedhmanna (canamain) ib. ex. 1134 . 1143 . The primary meaning seems to be load, stress, strain, passing into the senses of utmost effort, effort, exertion; burden, service, function . The transition may be illustrated by such an example as: buí f.¤ cuinge sesrige ina samthaig there was the load of a plough-team in its handle = it would take a plough-team to move ... LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). carraig ... a roibi f.¤ seisrigi do tharraing, TTebe 942 . Cf. fri ētnu dam bátár fedmand la firu Herend cosin n-aidchi sin. co n-aicces la lucht in tsíde fora formnaib. dogníth samlaid la E. ... is aice toísech tucad cuing for muinélaib dam LU 10816 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . dam ro boí fon feidm LB 60by . a n-ingeilt fo fedmu[i]m (of oxen) grazing while at work, under the yoke Laws iii 266.23 . .x. damu dagfedma ten oxen able for a heavy load (?) Ériu ii 4.7 . ba he feidm toisech doriacht an eclais a fh.¤ his (ox-drawn) load (of timber) was the first to reach the church Lism.L. 2558 . co ructha graige ┐ eti ┐ fedman iarmaib so that steeds and flocks and loads could be brought along them (of frozen streams and lakes) AU 821 . [doghniat] fedmunna ramhōra do thinol ... cu nach lugha inās in cnoc ... in dumha chonnaid fil aca they are gathering together great loads (of firewood) RC xliii 106.13 .

(a) strain, stress, effort, exertion, undertaking: f.¤ as mo, | comrac re Coin Culainn TBC 3117 St. adfét scéla in mórfedma atconnairc enterprise (i.e. labor of constructing a causeway) LU 10826 . fri deiscin ind feadma dobertatar do dénam an tochair `the effort they put forth' Ériu xii 178.7 . Cf. TBC 758 St cited under feirtche. bíd féidm ferrda ocaib be of good courage PH 6504 . tresim fedma strongest of effort Auraic. 5556 . fedmanna ós niurt `exertions beyond one's strength' Tec. Corm. § 21 . da mbe in corp athach san uaig | a dhēchsain (sic leg.) is f.¤ firchruaid, Arch. iii 239 § 27 . beg a f.¤ da degbois De | deilb dā tegdais small the effort for God's hand (?) 236 § 8 . ba f.¤ adbal d'oeinfer ... triall cosnama na cruinne, CCath. 4740 . tucsat f.¤ ferrda cacha fir furri cor chuirset assa tuinide in tromchloch, Acall. 2810 . tucsat a lāma ... chum na cloiche da tarraing ... ┐ ni raibe tarba issin trenfeidm ór nir ḟētsat a becc di 2754 . briathra forránta, f.¤ tim `violent verbiage followed by feeble effort' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 . dol re [a] gcosg ... fa feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing, Content, xviii 71 . Folld. by qualifying subj. gen.: f.¤ cēt and do nirt he has the strength of a hundred TBC 1006 (= atā nert cēd ann, St). gegnaid banb ... ┐ nusberaid leo dia fuini ┐ a ḟ.¤ uili ann it was as much as they all could do = it took the whole of them (to carry it) Im. M.D. xiii Harl.

(b) work, service, duty, function (cf. d): ro forcongair ... for dam n-allaid ... in f.¤ sin do denam `ordered a stag to do that work' (i.e. to take the place of an ox at the plough) Fél. 72.28 . imāin na ndam dochom a fedhma dlighthi[gh] budein .i. a n-oibre, Laws v 136.15 Comm. ni f.¤ flatha nā fīrlaich duitsi aiscc feicheamnais do thabhairt ... `it is not the act of a prince in thee' MR. 284.15 . na grāda do c[h]othugud | is f.¤ uasal mor aonfir ZCP x 45. 4 . atá f.¤ ar leith ac cach aenḟer acaind a separate function Acall. 5460 . cret t'ḟeidm-si what is thy service ? 5465 . drong ... ic na bia f.¤ aili san cath acht a ngaire catha do tabairt, CCath. 5514 . bídh a ḟis ac [gach] aenduine díb cred is f.¤ dó, Maund. 202 . gach fear ag freagra a fheadhma, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . no geibhdis betha gan f.¤ ndaonda leó acht ernaigthe ... BNnÉ 320.22 . gan feidhm ndaor ar mhnaoi servile occupation Content. v 77 . do rinneas ... feidhm díbh I have done you a service xxix 4 . déanaidh feidhm don Tighearna = servite Domino TSh. 6767 . is é feidhm do-níodh an coileach dó, iarmhéirghe ... do choimhéad, Keat. iii 1120 . gurab con- trárdha na feadhma iarras Dia ar na daoinibh ┐ an feidm iarras an saoghal (comm. on non potestis Deo servire et Mammonae) TSh. 9881 . do fedhmaim anmcharat function (obligations) of a confessor YBL 408a marg. sup. fer fedma steward (?): Finn .h. C., fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do righ Connacht ` agent ' ALC 1223 (p. 266z) .aes, lucht fedma soldiery; servitors, attendants: dochuir a glaslaith ┐ a aes fedma ... d'argain Aeda g. SG 66.28 . IT ii2 135. 325 . Oss. iii 162.7 . lucht fedhma an dunaigh, L. Chl. Suibhne 11 . Folld. by defining gen.: denasa f.¤ gabunn act as smith Lism L. 3783 . f.¤ a ngreagh uatha orra | longa lūatha ... on the swift ships they impose the function of their steeds (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 2140 . feidhm na gcogthach re cois long, | feidhm teanchaire i dtigh ghabhonn | ... tarla oraibh `god airdrígh TD 19.16 . do bhamur ... a bhfeidhm ollamh in the capacity of ollaves KMMisc. 56 § 5 . ní fili ... | hí f.¤ eoluis ilcrothaigh in the practice of various kinds of knowledge ZCP iv 237. 11 = BR 236 . ni faict[h]e ise fri f.¤ a lēiginn ┐ a grēsa, Arch. iii 308 , VI 12 . f.¤ n-eclastacda YBL 166b5 . i bfeidhm na súiste `wielding the flail' O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 .

(c) of a warlike effort or strain (often in broad sense of attack, onset, defence, etc.): cach f.¤ catha ┐ comlaind ... dingebatsa díb uile sin, Acall. 5462 (corresp. to: eigen catha v.l.). do réidhighedh láithir iombuailte dona ... miledhibh sin ar go bhfesdís fein f.¤ comhlainn a chéile, B iv 2, 146b19 . feidhm na leirge a aonar air, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 104 . ar a angbaigheacht i n-ionadh fedhma `his valour in the field of conflict' FM v 1778.15 . lá feadhma day of stress, battle Ir. Monthly 1927, 552 ( 23 L 17, 81b ). an bhuidhean ... bhíos iomad i n-am ḟeadhma `in time of stress' TD 21.6 . re hinnarba cach fedma ┐ cach foreigne `to repel every attack and violence' MR 160.23 . f.¤ catha `exertion of battle', duty of service of a warrior in battle: dober-sa m'ḟ.¤ catha ... la P. I will exert my battle-strength with P. CCath. 1121 . do tabairt a fedma catha ┐ comluind leo `to give them their help in battle' Cog. 74.24 . rogabsat ... a ffedhmanna catha forra ZCP xiv 231.16 . ro ba cruaidh in comthuargain ... doronsat ... ic gabail a fedmann catha forru, CCath. 5907 . ro láa ... fortocbhail a fedhma catha forru 2016 . mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha, Marco P. 61 . (for gabáil fedma cf. co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of stillness (?) Ériu iii 14 , but in the instances above there may be the notion of standing up to the stress of battle, taking punishment). cia dib no laccadh a fedm catha whose battle force was weakening CCath. 5975 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathaib iat, ┐ a feidm catha forro, ┐ a ndruim riu, Cog. 176.23 . ro-ordaigh C. a ffedhmanna catha for na curadaibh assigned to the warriors their duties ZCP xiv 240.4 [or does this belong to (b) ?]. Cf. cur fedma: ní lamh cách ... luadh cogaidh ná cur feadhma TD 21.39 . cur feadhma dóibh risan druing | sluagh T. ní budh tualuing 2.11 . g s. as attrib.: nertlia do chloich ḟedhma ZCP viii 543.8 . bertais a eire fedma leis da trelamh ghaisgidh (i.e. as much as he could carry) TBC p. 303 n. 5 . tuc fuirmed fedma do gae ... air `a strenuous thrust' TTebe 2817 . tuc fuirmeadh feadhma ... fuirre (lifting a heavy stone) ML 2y . is fis fedma `a labour it is to learn' Met Dinds. ii 62 . pl. tucad leo fedmanda fillti for bogadaib bending strains (i.e., they strained bows to test them ?) TTebe 1275 . re haidhbhliu na fedmann no fuilngitis of the stresses CCath. 5872 . ag airiúghadh an ḟeadhma sin perceiving their labor (of men lifting a stone) ML 2.20 . Common in chevilles: f.¤ n-úag SR 6837 . f.¤ as uaisliu, Fél. Jan. 21 . f.¤ ngle BB 51a30 . f.¤ as détlu, Arch. iii 297 § 52 . f.¤ ngialla MR 204 . Transf. of persons: in Congen- chnesach ..., in f.¤ nach fuiliṅgther TBC² 2205 . gurab é an feidhm nach fuloingther ... .i. Fer Diadh ZCP x 276.7 .

(d) use; efficacy, cf. (b): mór a bhfeidhm i n-aimsir the | d'fionnḟuaradh ceathra is daoine (of rivers), Content. vi 71 . Cf. ní feidhm do an Ghaoidheilg do léaghadh ... gan a bfios do bheith aige do mheabhair `without having them by heart it is a vain effort for him to attempt [he will not be able for] the reading of Irish' O'Gr. Cat. 630.24 . bíd drong ... doitheagaisg ann, ionnus nach bí feidhm ... an bás do bhagar orra so that it is no use threatening them TSh. 554 . dogní f.¤ de (re), makes use of: is é feidhm do-nídís do sheicheadhaibh na dtarbh, Keat. ii 5441 . nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é the man to use a helmet O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 .

benaid f.¤ de makes use of; causes to work: ag buain fheadhma dá eachraidh RC xlix 173 § 33 .

atá f.¤ ar there is use for; need of: ní ḟuil feidhm ar th'iomar- bháigh your arguing is needless (useless) Content. xxii 31 . dá mbeadh f.¤ ar .ae. do leathnughadh if it were needful to broaden `ae' IGT, Decl. Introd. 7.6 . ní haige an muinntir a tá slán a tá feidhm ar an líaigh, Matt. ix 2 . ort o nach bfuil a bfeidhm since they have no use for thee Carswell 24.11 . an uair nach roibhe f.¤ ar chlogat ag énduine, agus dá mbiadh nach aigesion do bhiadh f.¤ riu, O'Gr. Cat. 510.24 . fuair feidhm ar a ghuidhe `he found his prayer efficacious' A. O'Dálaigh 50.28 . Without AR: is móide ata féidhm againn Dia do ghuidhe, Eochairsgiath 17.21 . d'ḟ.¤ of use, needful (with AR of pers.): go bhfoighe an ghloir ṡiordhaidhe ┐ gach ní atá d'ḟeidhm air dochum a faghala, O'Hussey T.C. 224.10 . na neithi do bhí df.¤ orra do bhreth leo, Mac Aingil 64.17 . éin-rí ... dob ḟearr d'ḟ.¤ d'Éirinn ná Niall of greater service to Content. v 70 . Cf. má do chuireas d'ḟ.¤ orra cuaird ... if I have constrained them to search xiv 19 . Hence with obj. gen. need, necessity, occasion: ní bhí feidhm lóirghníomha air, Mac Aingil 303.13 . do gach duine do beith 'na feidhm who might need it BCC p. 132.16 . Cf. mainnear i bhf.¤ a faire adhbha an anma in need of guard (?) Studies 1931, 81 . ag so an fáinne i bhfeidhm na ndrol ib. cor faesma .i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma ... ┐ ní ar feidm gaire o geilfíne, Laws iv 62.4 .

Compds. ¤láidir strong of effort, energetic: fuirmeadh feidmlaitir TBC p. 95 n. 1 St. fer foirtill feidhmláidir FM vi 2258.9 . gluasacht ... go foisdineach f. ML 64.17 . -nert- mar id.: a fhlaith ... fedmnertmhar `mighty in enterprise' Aen. 1850 . a fiodhbhacaibh ... feidhmnertmara FM vi 2130.5 .