Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccumang or dil.ie/19496

Forms: t-egcumhang, eccumang

n m. (neg. of cumang) inability, impotence (but also used objectively of circumstances, etc., which are beyond one's power or control): acht ma ecumung except where it is impossible (with gl.: in inbuidh na caemnugair a denum) Laws ii 290.25 ( ZCP xiv 377 ). ecumung innso uile all these (regulations) are in cases of inability Laws 60.18 . ni forrachta nech i n-ecumung `let no man be forced while in a state of inability' (with gl.: nocha n-oircter neach ima ní ima cumtur é a n-ing) 92.15 . is diles iar ndechmaid acht mad ecumang no turbaide (the stock of the lord) is forfeit after ten days unless it is a case of powerlessness or a necessity which absolves 310 ( ZCP xiv 382 ). a ndaidhbre d'foillsiughadh fiadha, ima n-eccumang ar dóirchios na bliadna sin do thabairt uatha as well as their inability to pay the tax... Leb. Gab. i 78.25 . an t-eccumang a mbatar the helpless state they were in 196.10 = an t-egcumhang 23 E 26, p. 161 . eccumang is applied by the medieval grammarians to (a) a consonant which is altered by the addition of h (i.e. lenited); (b) a vowel which is merely a glide, to distinguish it from the true syllabic vowel; (c) also represents nihil as applied to u in quis etc., see Origg. i 4 , 8 cited Auraic. Introd. xxxvii . lanchumang i fedaib, cumang a forfedaibh, egumang a mutibh, lethchumang a leathgutaibh `full power in vowels, power in diphthongs, want of power in mutes, and half power in semi-vowels' Auraic. 1207 . 4318 . caite deochair eter a n-egumang ┐ a n-aimnert? ecumang in tan bithi [= mbíte] fo nihilus ina nguthaigib [sic leg. ?] amal rogab find it is powerlessness when they are nullified as vowels, as in the case of fi[o]nd, Auraic. 970 . egcumoung, an tan is fo nialus na guthaige amal ata fidh 3897 . 3900 . egcumang ....i. a taophomnaibh in tan don-ouccaiph uath cend doiuph powerlessness...i.e. in consonants when 'h' meets them 3900-2 . Gne aile: egcumong: an tan piti fo nialus, ut est: quoniam, quidem, lasin Laitneoir [ Origg. i 4 , 8 ; see above] no in tan biti tri guthaighe a n-aontsillaib lasin n-Gaidel, ut est Briain, gliaid, feoil, beoir 3909 . caiti deochair iter a n-egcumoung ┐ a n-aimhnert? eccoumong: in tan na bit comung occai. aimnert immorro ni berar a comang uadhaibh auchd ni mor chena i bfarrad na bfidh n-airedha 3912 . Apparently the vowels constituting the ogam digraphs ea, etc., were not ranked as ` powerless ,' but as ` weak ': aimnert immorro in tan bit i comsuidigthib cutrumaib na defogair ┐ isna forfedaib amal ata fer ┐ ben, Auraic. 972 - 4 . Thus in `fear' the a has `aimnert'; in `Briain' the second i has `éccumang.'