2 drúth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 drúth or dil.ie/18911

Forms: drúith, drúith

n o,m. Subst. use of 1 drúth. Later also drúith; in oblique cases somet. confused with druí.

I

(a) professional jester or buffoon: d.¤, fidchellach, fuirseóir (in the household of Tara), Met. Dinds. i 26.165 . rom altsa . . . eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, eter drúthaib ┐ drudib, LU 10281 , cf. ZCP iii 235 . do druith, do oblaire, Laws i 156.31 . .x. ndruith .x. ndeogbaire, TBC² 1372 . druith ┐ deogbairi . . . ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.23 . na cornairi ┐ na druith, IT ii 180.2 . Find ua Baiscni, is dó ropad druth Lomna Midlag, Corm. Y 1018 . Darera .i. druith Meic Con, Lec. 361b50 . Húa M. . . . rigdruth Erenn, RC xxiv 50 § 7 . amal druth ic furséoracht (of David dancing before the Ark), SR 6684 . tri druíth remib co mindaib argdidib, TBFr. 38 . géim drúith `a jester's shout', RC xxiv 54 § 16 . The d.¤ somet. exercised the functions of a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ar cend Fhir Diad, TBC 3017 . a tri druid (drude, LU; leg. drúith?) dénma glám ngér, ZCP iii 262.30 . na secht ndruith dia rinnad ┐ dia ndressad, Lec. 34b40 . mac an drúith al-los ghlamh ngéar, 3 C 13, 923.18 . There was an inferior class of drúith who were vagrants , often spoken of with disapproval in relig. lit.: donaib druthaib = cléir aesa ceirdd = praecones, Trip.² 2382 ff . drúith ┐ gobaind ┐ cáinti (forbidden to travel on Sundays), Ériu ii 208 § 31 . na druithi ┐ na cainti ┐ na crosanaigh (among the damned), RC xxviii 318 § 30 ; ZCP viii 208.5 .

(b) In later lit. somet. poet, learned man (prob. through confusion with druí): Murchadh Hua C. primdruith ┐ prim- ollom Condacht, RC xvii 406.29 (Tig.) = FM 1067 (file, v.l., see note K). an dall Ua C. ríghdruth Ereann `royal poet', FM 1166 . druth Aedha cecinit, 866 .

II In Laws imbecile, person not responsible for his actions: druith dochuinn dasachtaig (classed among `fuidhir' tenants), Laws iii 10.18 ; cf. Comm. 12.1 , where the d.¤ is said to be `co rath' (i.e. able to be of some use?), oppd. to: dochuinn .i. mir cen rath no mic beca. Distinguished from gaeth (a normal sane person) and fer lethcuind (a half-witted person), iii 156.18 f. fer turgaire druith is é asren a cinaid the man who incites an imbecile pays for his guilt, iii 156.4 . cor druith no mire (invalid contracts), i 52.1 . ni gabter athgabail druith na dasachtaidh, ii 44.27 . druth .i. oinmit . . . cen fiach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . orba drúith the inheritance of an imbecile, Triads 205 . ní cria di ṡecht mbáethaib file la Féne .i. . . . di drúth, di dásachtach, Tec. Corm. § 19 . Equated with amatán fool , O'Dav. 518 . d.¤ .i. oinmhid, O'Cl. As ā,f. of a female imbecile: lanamnus genaige, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 16 .i. donither tre gean og mear no dasachtach fri druith no dasachtaid, Laws ii 356.28 Comm. = fri dru[i]th no dasachtaig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 .

Hence Corm. Y 875 , druith gach mer, cf. Ériu ix 47.20 .

Compds.

(a) With adj. ¤bennach : m. Trichim Druthbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 (for possible meaning of sobriquet cf. Corr- crechda .i. ainm do cnoc bis a n-étan na n-amatán . . . is é aithni in druith in corr-c. do beith ina étan, O'Dav. 518 ).

(b) With subst. ¤cathmíl: iar marbad a druithchathmil[ed] jester and soldier, Fianaig. 34.7 . Druthnia, n.pr. m., LL 190b43 ; Rawl. 155b52 , 157.48 (Druith-). ZCP viii 332.31 .