do-scara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-scara or dil.ie/18443

Forms: doscara, toscara, do-da-scara, tascrat, [na]chib-tascrad, do-n-scera, notaiscérad, nothascérad, tascrais, rotascair, do-s-tascar, rothascairset, doscar- thar, toscarthar, doscarad, toscartha, tascr-, trascr-, trascērthar, rothrascrus, dorascrad, do-t-rascair, do-s-rascair, doroscarsuid, dorascrad, romtresgair, threasgair, trascrad

v (*to-scar-, Ped. ii 614 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. doscara, LU 4885 = TBC² 398 ; TBC² 1039 YBL. toscara, LU 5239 , 5522 = TBC² 763 , 1039 . do-da-scara, YBL 121b11 . 3 pl. tascrat, O'Dav. 1526 . Ipv. 3 s. [na]chib-tascrad, Wb. 22b1 . Fut. 3 s. do-n-scera, LL 288b42 . Condit. 3 s. notaiscérad, SR 3116 . nothascérad, TTr.² 852 . Pret. 3 s. tascrais, LL 108a14 . rotascair, SR 858 . With doubling of prefix, do-s-tascar, LU 1654 . 3 pl. rothascairset, TTr.² 1869 . Pass. pres. s. doscar- thar, LU 4937 = TBC² 452 . toscarthar, O'Mulc. 573 . Pass. pret. s. doscarad, TBC 3959 . pl. toscartha, LU 10574 . Later treated as simple vb. with stem tascr-, trascr-, the latter being the established form in late Mid. and in Mod.Ir. Pass. fut. trascērthar, PH 6063 . Pret. 1 s. rothrascrus, LL 146b45 . Hence the back-formations impf. 3 s. dorascrad, TBC² 499 (LU); pret. 3 s. do-t-rascair, TBC² 1716 . do-s-rascair, RC xxiii 330.2 (perh. also condarsgar, AU 891 ); pl. doroscarsuid (= doroscarsat), Ériu ii 3.4 ; pret. pass. dorascrad, Met. Dinds. iii 144.13 . Also with stem tresc-: romtresgair, TBC 2368 . do threasgair , O'Gr. Cat. 571.35 . Vn. trascrad. IGT Verbs § 95 .

I Trans. overthrows, knocks down, lays low . In lit. sense: gabais A. a láim ┐ dostascar ┐ dogéni a coblige, RC ix 452 . bec . . . nach aram-trascair dar m'aiss, TBC² 3115 (leg. nacham-t.). benid fona maccu . . . doscara .l. macc dīb, 398 . roscāich do bruth, brattān bec dotrascair has laid thee low, TBC² 1716 . do bhuail in fer . . . gur thresgair go lár é, SG 278 . foceird caer clis asa tabhaill . . . co rustascair dia chonair, BB 365a37 . is minic do trascarthaidh sa sligid sin sinn le toirnigh we were often beaten down, Maund. 257 . rotrascair hidalu ┐ arrachtu, PH 536 . trascraid omna, O'Mulc. 809 . ni he trascras in crand, Laws v 474 Comm. fogur gaeithe . . . indar lem nothascérad (sic leg.) fidbada in betha, TTr.² 852 . gaeth notrascrad in toradh, RC xv 429 ( Dinds. 40 ). isí in gáeth . . . rothascair na toirthe anúas, Met. Dinds. iii 182 . cor trascair griánan Bricrend fri lár talman, FB § 25 . gaoth mhór . . . go rothrasccar iol-chumhtaighthe ┐ teghdaisi, FM 986 (ii 720) . mar fhál thrasgarthar síos, Ps. lxii 3 . tairbirid ┐ trascraid dochum n-iffir[n]d comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA § 1 . rotrascrad Lucifer de nim, MacCarthy 44 . With extension of meaning, lays low, defeats, destroys: do-n-scera a bruth, RC xiii 440 . dias righ-miled rothascair Aeneas . . . ar galaib úinfir, LL 404a4 . a n-rothascair reme do sluagaib Ulad, RC xiv 420 . co rothascairset ilmíli dona slúagaib, TTr.² 1869 . gur trasccoir treona, MR 284 . co trascra Dia a dá láim (an imprecation), 134 . trenfir trascairthi, 238 . cor- thascair a seilb huile .i. a oenboin, ZCP iii 4 § 8 v.l. (R). rotascrad Emain la hUltu, ZCP viii 335 . is missi rabái ar in chirt, | cia romthrascrad is tre ḟert (Diarmait m. Cerbaill), LL 149b27 . rotrasccrait ┐ roclaidhmit gan choigill la a mbiodhbadhaibh, FM vi 2146 . rotascair a chomthocbáil subdued his insurrection, SR 858 . Fig. trasgraid in tinneas na briogha, 3 C 19, 62vb36 . traisgeorthar a bhetha sbioradálta, O'Hussey TC 13 .

Lowers, lets down; lets fall: do trasgradh a pupula their tents were struck, Fier. 185 . droichet fo ngabhait longa dimhora cen trascradh seoil dibh without lowering sail (without their sails being knocked down?), Marco P. 136 . a ghlún go talamh do threascaradh bhiocont even a viscount would bend the knee, Hackett xxxix 286 . do threasguir a deóra ar an dtuinn she poured her tears, E. O'Rahilly xvi 42 .

Doubtful cases: tascrat .i. astat . . . fer lobhas ria nadhmaim tascrat .i. . . . co fastaid[-er] fiadain `they bind' (?), O'Dav. 1525 (a misunderstanding? see Ped. ii 614 ). is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid do chora il-lén, | ní hí in chomairle mada, | issed rodoscara in scél, LL 146b ( PRIA xix 544 ) (`that gives rise to the tale', p. 562 ). scuris L. in carpat ┐ tascrais ind echraid `loosened the horses' (separated? Cf. the command above: fodail in n-echraid ┐ discuir in carpat), RC xiv 402 ( LL 108a14 ). gidh é an sgrioptúir dosgara (dá s., MSS) `even the Scriptures you pull to pieces', Content. vi § 17 .

II Intrans. with AR (FOR) falls on; assails, subdues, op- presses (?): cóeca ban tánac ille . . . do tascrad ar Faind . . . is dá marbad, LU 3947 ( SC § 44 ). is he firindi in rig can tra- sc[r]ad for nech co hainbfirenach, YBL 167b38 . ? cia nom- thoirsed ni do rath | ni foirbsi notaiscérad if ever I rose to fortune it would not injure you (?), SR 3116 = ní horaibsi rotrascerad, BB 237b11 ; ní oraibse notrascéraind, LB 115a30 ; notraiscerainn, YBL 286a18 . ní horaibsi traiscermid `not to you shall we be oppressive', Acall. 6115 . dochuaid ar ciabair mo chiall . . . orom fadéin rothrascrus I have wrought my own mischief (?), LL 146b45 ( PRIA xix 544 ).