do-airmesca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airmesca or dil.ie/17149

Forms: tairmescaid, doairmescad, dorairmesc

v (*to-air-mesc-?). Usually as simple vb. tairmescaid based on tairmesc, q.v., but cf. indic. impf. 3 s. doairmescad, Mon. Tall. 127 and perf. dorairmesc, TTr.² 391 , which may however be back-formations.

Hinders, obstructs, restrains, checks, forbids:

(a) With accus. of pers.: céa rófessad, nín-tairmeiscfed it would not have pre- vented him, Trip.² 444 . arná tarmasca in sacardd lest it disturb the priest, Thes. ii 253 . in rí nad relic doib sain | rostairmesc tria hilbērlaib (of builders of Babel), SR 2762 . ? dorairmesc . . . T. oc rádh ind athisc sin opposed that saying, TTr.² 391 . With DE of thing, action, etc., hindered. doḟécai na firu ┐ níntairmesc dia chluchiu (seeing them) did not hinder it from its play, RC ix 476 LU (possibly reflex.). nis-derband (nis- tairmmescand, Eg.) dia ndáil ind reb sin, BDD 108 . With IMM: co rothoirmiscea na drochdōine im cech mígním, PH 4159 . With ó: in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil in pecthaig holds back . . . from, PH 4213 , cf. O'Gr. Cat. 116.9 . noch do thoirmisgas sinn ó an oileamhain neamhdha do ghlacadh, Donl. 264 .

(b) With accus. of thing, action, etc., hindered or frustrated: ní thairmescad nach ái alaile (of balls thrown up and caught in rapid succession in a juggling feat), FB § 42 . hé rothairmesc tor Nemrúaid, SR 2770 . fobithin fobenad ┐ doairmescad menmain iond cāich dia n-aisnedter it might disturb the mind, Mon. Tall. 127 . do thorud in chroind toirmescdha forbidden, PH 4931 . do toirmiosgadh an phláigh was stayed, Ps. cvi 30 . toirmisgid bar ferg check, Aen. 3012 . cur toirmiscc Medb in gnīm siu do dēnum, Anecd. v 21 = co nār lēic M., Ériu ii 182 . With DE of pers.: ní thairmescub . . . díb I will not stop you, TTr.² 337 . ni rotoirmescad dib-so uli toidect co r—Roim they were not prevented (from) coming to Rome, PH 575 . con- ditoirmesc Colcu díob till C. hindered them from doing so, Mon. Tall. 153 . With DO of pers.: screpall . . . ar cach laithe rotair- miscestar ris do for every day (the horse-breaker) has hindered him (the horse-owner) from use of it (the horse) (?), Laws v 214 Comm. With IMM (ordinary construction): ni tairmesceb umaib, LB 138a34 . ní rothairmisc (rotairmesc, LU) a cluichi imbi, TBC² 518 . is mé rothairmisc im Ailill dul it dáil who prevented A. from going to tryst with thee, IT i 128 (TE). uair rochaithis don chrund rothairmiscius ummut which I had forbidden thee, Lec. 530b5 . With AR (FOR) of pers. (common in later lang., esp. in sense prohibits ): secht n-ailgeasa breithe . . . no secht is tairmisg[th]e ar in mbrethemain seven things which are forbidden to the judge, Laws v 352 . do thoir- measg Dia orra gan fíon . . . d'ól, Eochairsg. 120 . Note also: do thoirmeasg Dia an teine . . . gan gníomh do dheunamh air an dtriur leanbh, 66 .