dergaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dergaid or dil.ie/15630

Forms: dergsus, dergtar

v (derg) IGT Verbs § 80 . reddens .

I Trans.

(a) reddens, makes red (esp. of bloodshed): búaid úas chret charpait glinni | dercas rinni ruada which stains with blood strong spear-points, LU 3363 ( SC § 15 ). níro derg C. a claideb i n-Erind, LU 9043 ( FB § 79 ). Dare derg roderg frossa who shed torrents of blood, LL 158b27 . ag rígh dar derg cnedh any king that ever dealt a red wound, ZCP viii 224 § 35 . tug dorn ar a dēd . . . | a ucht gur' dearg da dondfuil, 231 § 27 . dergsus (pret. 3 s. with suff. pron. 3 pl.), LL 116a21 .

(b) makes red-hot, heats, kindles, burns: dergthair coltur . . . i tenid, LL 329a40 . cuirthir ar smeroidibh ┐ dergthar amail smeroidi, 3 C 19, 231vb16 . do dergsabair mór ndaiger, SG 37.4 . Áth Truim ar dheóradhuib dergas, Studies 1920, 417.23 .

(c) causes to blush, reddens (with shame or anger): do dergfuind a dreich gairthi d'Ó Cháimh, Ériu iv 220.1 . am dhán níor dheargas duine, Book of O'Conor Don, 195a21 . Cf. Content. xxi § 3 n. : ní mó dheargfaid . . . iad féin le roi- bhriocht mo rann will not be shamed (offended). Impers. in pass.: dergtar fá ghnúis Dhiarmada D.'s face flushes, SG 266.6 . ar cluinsin na mbriathar sin do Muire do dergad impi she blushed, 3 B 22, 47 b24 . Cf. imm-derga.

(d) reddens (soil), hence turns up (soil), digs, ploughs: rodheargsat isna hionaduibh sin uile (the oxen) turned up all the soil in those districts, BNnÉ 39.15 . deargfuid treabhthaigh na tulcha farmers will till (even) the hills, Book of O'Conor Don 221b9 .

II Intrans.

(a) draws blood, wounds, with FOR, AR (in some cases orig. trans., arm, ga, etc. being understood; cf. dergfat-sa mo lainn . . . for na Conanaib, MR 78.13 ): atbailedh [intí] for a ndergdáis, Dinds. 39 ( RC xv 427.20 ). tug sathadh sleigi isin dragun ┐ nir derg air, ZCP vi 295.19 . ní dergdais airm aruib, Ériu iv 222 § 39 .

(b) grows red, flushes: ro-dérg ┐ ro-ruthnig in mílid, PH 7235 . cuimiltir in corp uili no go nderguidh, 3 C 19, 206 ra7 . ro derg . . . in t-aeor, CCath. 2327 . Note also: dergaid .i. deimniugudh, O'C. 964 ( H. 3.18 415 ).