comthrom

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comthrom or dil.ie/11901

adj (3 trom)

I

(a) of the same weight, equal, even, equivalent : par comtrom, Ir. Gl. 960 . c.¤ a coss ┐ a cend, Corm. Y 274 . dianid c.¤ a maith ┐ a n-olc whose virtues and vices are evenly balanced, LU 2168 ( FA 24 ). rotgab a t[h]rostán comthromm `his even-poised . . . staff', Aisl. MC 11.1 . dian aír[ṡ]eang comtrom (a metre), IT iii 70 § 18 . dá roinn chomhthroma `two equal halves', Aithd. D. 16.1 . is meadh chomhthrom dá chéile `equally balanced', 18.19 . trí nuimir comtruim `by an even number', O'Gr. Cat. 289.28 . comtrom mar samail liathroidi cruindi `spherical', Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.3 . a ccaoirmheall (g p.) ccomhthrom `heavy cannon- balls', Hugh Roe² 152.13 . comhthionól na mban ccothrom d'órdúghadh, Párl. na mB. 2570 ordinary women (oppd. to baintighearnáoi, 2560 ; cf. don chineadh chodruma, PCT 198 `rustic', E. O'Rahilly 274.17 ).

(b) evenly-matched (of battles): níor bho comh-throm a g-cómhrac, ML 126.32 . nior chomhthrom an comhar `uneven match', Dán Dé xii 21 . i cath c.¤ , ZCP viii 217.24 ( Corp. Gen. 283.8 ).

(c) just, equitable : re breith chomhthruim Críosd, DDána 26.28 . an ceart do chongbhadh comhthrom, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 22 . in orlaimh dhaoíne ccomhthrom, FM vi 2302.22 .

(d) level, smooth : ar ferann ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 96.4 . da mbeth an talam na clar comhtrom `if the earth were a level plane', Ir. Astr. Tr. 32.22 . talam comtrom, Lism.L. 3605 .

Superl. an talamh is comthroime, Fl. Earls 26.31 .

Adv. maith an t-urchar tarla ó Fhlann / go m=bí comh- throm tré Chonall `passed clearly through and through Conall', ML 22.8 . romgon an cruadhmhucaidhe corr / go ndeachaidh trem chorp comhtrom, Buile S. 154.2 . Usu. with co: co ndeachaid [in gai] tria na chridhi gu comtrom, Aen. 2133 . ro gabad co comtrom do gach aird dib `equally then from every point were they smitten', CCath. 3149 . ras gab co c.¤ fairly and squarely, LL 31777 (TTr.). coill na leithinnsi as coill chrom / do chleithfhillsi go comhthrom `the wood of the half-island is a twisted wood, thou hast made it symmetrical(?)', Bard. Synt. Tr. 29.24 , see n. co cert comtrom `exactly', Ir. Astr. Tr. 132.7 .

II As subst. o

(a) equal weight or amount, equivalent : co ruc a ch.¤ de argut its weight in silver, LL 14646 . comthromm inn ubaill dia inchind triana chuladaib, 9383 (TBC). c.¤ do riged clí do fhinddruini, 7591 (TBC). a gcomhthrom do chur i meidh / d'ór dhearg, Ir. Syll. Poetry 63 § 7 . comtrom .ui. fiched uinge d'iarund, Laws v 16.z Comm. comtrom daoined re `as many men as', ALC ii 236.29 .

(b) Of weights, balance: aon chloch amāin dīb do chor a meidh thomuis dobeir c.¤ don dī cloich oile, Fl. Earls 164.27 . lé comhthrom nó lé miosúr fallsa, Mac Aingil 3333 . comhthrum égsamhla . . . comhthrom mór ┐ c.¤ beag = weights, Deut. xxv 13 . ní fhuil i gcomhthrom rem chion / foghnamh m'anma ó aois naoidhion evenly balanced, DDána 21a.25 .

(c) equality, equivalence : trí cuid go gcomhthrom ronna `equality of division', Content. iv 52 . fada ar gcothrom ó chéile things are badly matched between us, Dánta Gr. 58.1 . c.¤ comluinn fair fight, Caithr. CC 58 . fear na ndeoch bhfarsing bhfada / a ccomhthrom níl ionntroda, Párl. na mB. 3240 .

(d) justice, equity, fair treatment : madh dia ffagbad O. comht[h]rom, Sits v (1919) 93 § 28 . dá ndearna . . . / comhthrom, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 11 . ní fhuil . . . / leathtrom nach cuir i gcomhthrom, DDána 82.6 . do chinn in comhtruim sin do genam, O'Gr. Cat. 150.13 . cothram is ceart, Párl. na mB. 399 . rannsa i gcomhthrom do chomhrádh `give me a fair share of your attention', Content. ix 1 . romhor do chuaidh da ccothram `of their rightful share', Rel. Celt. ii 268.1 .

(e) In prep., adv. and conj. phrases: ro lingestair do chomhthrom talmhan, RC xi 326.16 . tri ch.¤ a chride right through his heart, LL 32831 (TTr). gur ro scoilt mo chroidhe a ccomhthrom `so that it split my heart in the middle', KMMisc. 366.29 . 'n-a comhthrom ní budh cuirthe / conách cannot be compared with it (poverty), DDána 52.5 . i gcomhthrom na huaighe in the grave, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 5 . comhthrom na haimsire-sin at that very time, Parrth. Anma 926 .